-> Operators & Location


The scientific programme of 3D BUILD 2019 will be operated on the ENSAPL campus (Villeneuve d’Ascq) by the Design, History, Territory and Materiality Laboratory (LACTH, one of the most esteemed laboratories of architecture in France) and the Civil Engineering and Environmental Research Centre of the IMTLD.


The ENSAPL will open spacious classrooms, studios, computer and multi-media laboratories; the campus will become your second home. Courses on materials will take place at the Civil Engineering Department of IMTLD.


The robotic equipment for 3D printing will be provided by Polytech Lille (the Engineering School of the University of Lille* and a founding member of the first French network of engineering schools, the Polytech Group).

*In the top 100 European most innovative universities of the Times Higher Education ranking.



-> 3D BUILD 2019 is the academic progeny of MATRICE.


Architecture is pulled towards technological innovation and cross-disciplinarity by the digital revolution; the additive manufacturing applied to the building industry requires the joint input from engineers and architects in the fields of materials, robotics, architectural design and real-time digital viewing. The research project named MATRICE, conducted since 2016 notably by the ENSAPL, IMTLD and Polytech Lille, has been such a step into the future in the field of 3D printing with higher added-value forms and materials.
The 3D BUILD France Excellence Summer School is its direct academic result, at the crossroads of robotics, architecture and engineering. Based on a unique educational model, it is naturally open to students coming from different fields of study who will benefit from a high-end coaching in prototyping.



-> Content Outline


Join us in a truly exceptional 3D building experience!


Focusing on the innovative and fundamental aspects of additive manufacturing for construction, 3D BUILD 2019 will offer top scientific conferences, lectures, seminars and workshops, meetings with leading researchers in the field, scientific visits and demonstrations of cutting-edge equipment, as well as an introduction to research through a supervised project. The quality of the work undertaken and your scientific potential will be assessed.


Particular emphasis will be made on eco-friendly 3D building. You will be taught to design complex geometries that will be printed by an automated process, and led to take into account the ecological aspect of 3D printing for construction, on one hand by formulating and using printable materials with a low environmental footprint, on the other hand by the optimisation of the resulting subject. Theoretical inputs, numerical workshops and printing sessions will make up the scientific programme.


Over half of the schedule will be devoted to the 70-hour scientific programme taught in English.





         SEMINARS (22h)

         3D PRINTING WORKSHOPS (16h)

         RESTITUTION (3h)




-> Teaching Team


  • Dr. Eliane KHOURY, PhD in Civil Engineering, researcher at IMTLD, specialised in characterisation and valorisation of recycled concrete aggregates in new concretes and on concrete 3D print (C5)
  • Dr. Othman LAKHAL, PhD in Robotics, specialised in robotic systems for 3D printing applications (C7)
  • Dr. Mohammad MANSOURI, PhD in Architecture, specialised in relationships between parametric modelling and fabrication (C4-C6)
  • Prof. Antonella MASTRORILLI, Full Professor at ENSAPL, PhD in Sciences and Techniques of Architecture, specialised in relationships between Architecture, Sciences and new Technologies (C3-C6)
  • Prof. Rochdi MERZOUKI, Full Professor at Polytech Lille, PhD in Robotics, specialised in robotic systems and mechatronics robots (C7)
  • Prof. Sébastien RÉMOND, Full Professor at IMTLD, PhD in Civil Engineering, specialised in rheological characterisation, mixture proportioning of concrete containing industrial by-products and concrete 3D printing (C1-C2-C5)



-> Lectures


The scientific programme of 3D BUILD 2019 is divided in two parts on the following topics:



- Concrete: an Overview (main components of concrete, mixture proportioning)

- Rheology of Concentrated Suspensions at a Glance (definitions, main rheological behaviours, measuring a rheological behaviour)

- Additive Manufacturing of Cementitious Materials (specifications, rheological properties and printing parameters, rheological properties and shape, mixture proportioning of printable mortars)



- Printable Mortar – an Environmental Friendly Material (saving matter, a high binder content, LCA balance)

- Binders of Substitution (use of mineral admixtures, low carbon binders, chemical admixtures – a special role)

- Modifying and Optimising the Granular Skeleton (the importance of being large, use of recycled aggregates)



- The AM Technology for Large Scale Prototypes

- The State-of-the-Art and the Relevant Progress and Processes in Additive Manufacturing for Construction

- The 3D BUILD 2019 Scientific Research Project

- Discussion

- Constitution of the Working Groups



- Principles of Parametric Design

- Generation of New Designs for Large Scale Additive Manufacturing

- A Form Finding Approach to Complex Shapes



-> Scientific Research Project


Designed to facilitate your admission to Doctoral programmes in France, the Scientific Research Project will require both personal and teamwork with theoretical and practical teachings. Each student will participate in the printing of a prototype, and the assessment will bear on the whole process from design to printing.
The best productions will be displayed at the international event “Lille Metropole 2020, World Design Capital”.



Each student will have to choose between option a or b.

At the end of the seminar session, each group will present the designed shape/mortar and selected projects will be printed.

a. FORMULATION (Civil Engineering) (C5)

Composition of a Printable Mortar: Choice of Materials, Characterisation and Design of an Ecological Printable Mortar for Given Specifications

b. CONCEPTION (Architecture) (C6)

Design Session: Parametric Design of Complex Shapes for Additive Manufacturing



All students are concerned.

Preparation of Materials, Mixing, Pumping Printing of the Shapes. The printing will be made in the scale 1 studio of ENSAPL with a mobile robot provided by Polytech Lille.



The students’ works will be documented in a video and presented in front of the scientific board.



-> Conferences



Prof. Antonella MASTRORILLI, Prof. Sébastien RÉMOND, Prof. Rochdi MERZOUKI. Respectively: Design of Shapes, Design of Printable Materials, Design and Driving of the Robot.


2. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH CLUSTERS AND ECONOMIC HUBS IN HAUTS-DE-FRANCE (Northern France region). Transverse conference correlated to the domains of France Excellence Summer Schools students and coordinated by competent clusters and hubs.



-> Scientific Visits


You will have the chance to visit Amsterdam, the most iconic city of the Netherlands. You will be introduced to the most significant Dutch buildings, whether turned to the history or the future.

Since the Netherlands are intricately involved in large-scale 3D printed elements for construction, you will get to see exciting examples of this technology in the town as well as in a famous Dutch architecture company. First, you will appreciate the 3D printed façade of the “Europe Building” developed for the EU presidency of the Netherlands in the old harbor area of Amsterdam. Then architects will introduce you to the way they work and to their projects in the privacy of their professional office.

The programme of this visit should secure you a unique experience of Amsterdam’s architecture.



-> Literature in Architecture


- 1. I. Agustí-Juan and G. Habert. Environmental Design Guidelines for Digital Fabrication. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142:2780–2791, 2017.

- 2. S. Bhooshan, T. Van Mele, and P. Block. Equilibrium-Aware Shape Design for Concrete Printing. Humanizing Digital Reality, pages 493–508, 2017.

- 3. F. Bos, R. Wolfs, Z. Ahmed, and T. Salet. Additive Manufacturing of Concrete in Construction: Potentials and Challenges of 3D Concrete Printing. Virtual and Physical Prototyping, 2759(October):1–17, 2016.

- 4. F. Bos, R. Wolfs, Z. Ahmed, and T. Salet. First RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication – Digital Concrete 2018, volume 19. Springer International Publishing, 2019.

- 5. H. Brooks. A Review of State-of-the-Art Large-Sized Foam Cutting Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing Technologies. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 16(5):318–327, 2010.

- 6. R. A. Buswell, R. C. Soar, A. G. F. Gibb, and A. Thorpe. Freeform Construction: Megascale Rapid Manufacturing for Construction. Automation in Construction, 16(2):224–231, 2007.

- 7. C. B. Costanzi, Z. Y. Ahmed, H. R. Schipper, F. P. Bos, U. Knaack, and R. J. M. Wolfs. Automation in Construction 3D Printing Concrete on Temporary Surfaces: The Design and Fabrication of a Concrete Shell Structure. Automation in Construction, 94(August 2017):395–404, 2018.

- 8. T. Craipeau, T. Lecompte, F. Toussaint, and A. Perrot. First RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication – Digital Concrete 2018, volume 19. Springer International Publishing, 2019.

- 9. IAAC, Small Robots Printing Big Structures, Minibuilder by IAAC, 2014. iaac.net/printingrobots.

- 10. A. Jakupovic. Mini Builders Project - Report, IAAC.

- 11. B. Khoshnevis. Automated Construction of Towers and Columns. 1, 2018.

- 12. E. Lloret, A. R. Shahab, M. Linus, R. J. Flatt, F. Gramazio, M. Kohler, and S. Langenberg. Complex Concrete Structures: Merging Existing Casting Techniques with Digital Fabrication. CAD Computer Aided Design, 60:40–49, 2015.

- 13. R. Mathur. 3D Printing in Architecture. International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology, Vol. 3 Issue 7, 2016, ISSN 2348 – 7968.

- 14. B. Panda, N. Ahamed, N. Mohamed, Y. Wei, D. Tay, and M. J. Tan. First RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication – Digital Concrete 2018, volume 19. Springer International Publishing, 2019.

- 15. J. Pegna. Application of Cementitious Bulk Materials to Site Processed Freeform Construction. 6th Solid Freeform Fabrication (SFF) Symposium, pages 39–45, 1995.

- 16. J. Pegna. Exploratory Investigation of Solid Freeform Construction. Automation in Construction, 5(5):427–437, 1997.

- 17. M. Popescu, M. Rippmann, T. V. Mele, and P. Block. Automated Generation of Knit Patterns for Non-Developable Surfaces. (Aboumain 2010), 2017.

- 18. L. Reiter, T. Wangler, N. Roussel, and R. J. Flatt. The Role of Early Age Structural Buildup in Digital Fabrication with Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 112(May):86–95, 2018.

- 19. F. Scotto, F. Gramazio, and M. Kohler. First RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication – Digital Concrete 2018. 19:299–310, 2019.

- 20. A. Szabo, L. Reiter, and E. Lloret-Fritschi. First RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication – Digital Concrete 2018, volume 19. Springer International Publishing, 2019.

- 21. Teymouri. Potentialities and Restrictions of Construction 3D Printing. Bachelor Thesis. Karelia University of Applied Sciences, 2017.

- 22. T. Wangler and R. J. Flatt. Correction to: First RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication – Digital Concrete 2018. Springer International Publishing, 2018.

- 23. P. Wu, J. Wang, and X. Wang. A Critical Review of the Use of 3-D Printing in the Construction Industry. Automation in Construction, 68:21–31, 2016.

- 24. X. Zhang, M. Li, J. H. Lim, Y. Weng, Y. W. D. Tay, H. Pham, and Q. C. Pham. Large-Scale 3D Printing by a Team of Mobile Robots. Automation in Construction, 95(August):98–106, 2018.



-> Literature in Civil Engineering


- 1. N. Roussel, M. R. Geiker, F. Dufour, L. N. Thrane, and P. Szabo. Computational Modeling of Concrete Flow: General Overview. Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 1298–1307, 2007.

- 2. A. Perrot, T. Lecompte, H. Kheli, C. Brumaud, J. Hot, and N. Roussel. Cement and Concrete Research Yield stress and Bleeding of Fresh Cement Pastes. vol. 42, pp. 937–944, 2012.

- 3. N. Khalil, G. Aouad, K. El Cheikh, and S. Rémond. Use of calcium sulfoaluminate cements for setting control of 3D-printing mortars. Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 157, pp. 382–391, Dec. 2017.

- 4. K. El Cheikh, S. Rémond, N. Khalil, and G. Aouad. Numerical and experimental studies of aggregate blocking in mortar extrusion. Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 145, pp. 452–463, 2017.

- 5. D. Lootens, P. Jousset, L. Martinie, N. Roussel, and R. J. Flatt. Cement and Concrete Research Yield stress during setting of cement pastes from penetration tests. Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 401–408, 2009.

- 6. N. Roussel. Correlation between yield stress and slump?: Comparison between numerical simulations and concrete rheometers results. pp. 501–509, 2006.

- 7. D. Marchon, S. Kawashima, H. Bessaies-bey, S. Mantellato, and S. Ng. Cement and Concrete Research Hydration and rheology control of concrete for digital fabrication?: Potential admixtures and cement chemistry. Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 112, no. May, pp. 96–110, 2018.

- 8. R. J. M. Wolfs, F. P. Bos, and T. A. M. Salet. Cement and Concrete Research Early age mechanical behaviour of 3D printed concrete?: Numerical modelling and experimental testing. Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 106, no. February, pp. 103–116, 2018.

- 9. T. Wangler, E. Lloret, L. Reiter, N. Hack, F. Gramazio, and M. Kohler. Digital Concrete?: Opportunities and Challenges. pp. 67–75, 2016.

- 10. R. A. Buswell, W. R. L. De Silva, S. Z. Jones, and J. Dirrenberger. Cement and Concrete Research 3D printing using concrete extrusion?: A roadmap for research. Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 112, no. May, pp. 37–49, 2018.

- 11. N. Roussel. Cement and Concrete Research Rheological requirements for printable concretes. Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 112, no. May, pp. 76–85, 2018.

- 12. L. Reiter, T. Wangler, N. Roussel, and R. J. Flatt. Cement and Concrete Research The role of early age structural build-up in digital fabrication with concrete. Cem. Concr. Res., vol. 112, no. May, pp. 86–95, 2018.

- 13. T. Lecompte, A. Perrot, V. Picandet, and H. Bellegou. Cement and Concrete Research Cement-based mixes?: Shearing properties and pore pressure. vol. 42, pp. 139–147, 2012.

- 14. I. Hager, A. Golonka, R. Putanowicz. 3D Printing of Buildings and Building Components as the Future of Sustainable Construction?. Procedia Eng, 151, 292–299, 2016.

- 15. T. Le, J. Webster, R. Buswell, S. Austin, A. Gibb, T. Thorpe. Fabricating construction components using layered manufacturing technology. Glob. Innov. Constr. Conf., Loughbrgh. Univ.,pp. 13–16, 2009

- 16. Z. Malaeb, H. Hachem, A. Tourbah, T. Maalouf, N. El Zarwi, F. Hamzeh. 3D Concrete Printing: Machine and Mix Design 3D CONCRETE PRINTING : MACHINE AND MIX DESIGN, no. October 2016, 2015.

- 17. T.T. Le, S.A. Austin, S. Lim, R.A. Buswell, A. G. F. GibbT., and T. Thorpe. Mix design and fresh properties for high-performance printing concrete. Mater. Struct. 45 (8) (2012) 1221–1232.

- 18. P. Wu, J. Wang, X. Wang. A critical review of the use of 3-D printing in the construction industry. Autom. Constr. 68, 21–31, 2016.

- 19. A. Perrot, C. Lanos, Y. Mélinge, P. Estellé. Mortar physical properties evolution in extrusion flow. Rheol. Acta 46, 1065–1073, 2007.

- 20. H. Lipson, M. Kurman. Fabricated: The New World of 3D Printing, John Wiley & Sons. 2013.

- 21. Print me a Stradivarius: How a new manufacturing technology will change the world. The Economist, Print Edition. Feb 12th 2011.

- 22. M. Jolin, D. Burns, B. Bissonnette, F. Gagnon, L.S. Bolduc. Understanding the pumpability of concrete, in: Proceedings Shotcrete for Underground Support XI, Engineering Conferences International, 2009.

- 23. V.H. Nguyen, S. Rémond, J.L. Gallias. Influence of cement grouts composition on the rheological behavior. Cem. Concr. Res. 41, 292–300, 2011.