The scientific programme of 3D Build 2020 will be operated by two most esteemed research centres respectively in the fields of architecture and engineering: the Design, History, Territory and Materiality Laboratory (LACTH) and the Materials & Processes Research and Innovation Centre (CERI MP) of the IMTLD.
The robotic equipment for 3D printing will be provided by Polytech Lille (the Engineering School of the University of Lille* and a founding member of the first French network of engineering schools, the Polytech Group).
*In the top 100 European most innovative universities of the Times Higher Education ranking.
The CERI MP is part of multiple scientific collaborations with Chinese partners (works on the development of formulation for construction materials), specifically with the Universities of Hohai and Wuhan (School of Civil Engineering). Also, scientific collaborations have been carried out since 2018 with the Department of Hydraulic Engineering of Tsinghua University (MOU, using digital modelling implementing High Performance GPU calculations and applied to civil engineering and 3D printing).
These partnerships have led to hosting invited professors and to supervising PhD students; they will benefit the 3D Build 2020 Summer School.
Focusing on the innovative and fundamental aspects of additive manufacturing for construction, 3D Build 2020 will be run as a top scientific workshop offering lectures and seminars, meetings with leading researchers in the field, demonstrations of cutting-edge equipment, as well as an introduction to research through a supervised project. The quality of the work undertaken and your scientific potential will be assessed.
Particular emphasis will be made on design and 3D-printing for construction in a transdisciplinary approach. You will be coached to design complex geometries for urban or periurban furniture and led to take into account their territorial integration by adapting the morphology to the urban space and uses. The designed result will be printed out by an automated process with printable materials that you will be taught to formulate.
Half of the schedule will be devoted to the 60-hour scientific programme taught in English.
7.5h / LECTURES
1.5h / CONFERENCE
51h / SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROJECT
1. SEMINARS (31h)
2. 3D PRINTING SESSIONS (14h)
3. RESTITUTION (6h)
Keywords: Additive Manufacturing, Robotic Fabrication, Complex Surfaces, Mixture Proportioning, Ecological Materials, Parametric Design, Urban Design.
The teaching programme of 3D Build 2020 will provide theoretical inputs on the following topics:
C1: Mixture Proportioning and Characterisation of Printable Mortars
Concrete: an Overview (main components of concrete, mixture proportioning); Rheology of Concentrated Suspensions at a Glance (definitions, main rheological behaviours, measuring a rheological behaviour); Additive Manufacturing of Cementitious Materials (specifications, rheological properties and printing parameters, rheological properties and shape, mixture proportioning of printable mortars).
C1: Mixture Proportioning and Characterisation of Eco-Compatible Printable Mortars
Printable Mortar – an Environmental Friendly Material (saving matter, a high binder content, LCA balance); Binders of Substitution (use of mineral admixtures, low carbon binders, chemical admixtures – a special role); Modifying and Optimising the Granular Skeleton (the importance of being large, use of recycled aggregates).
C2: Introduction to Additive Manufacturing for Construction
The AM Technology for Large Scale Prototypes; the State-of-the-Art and the Relevant Progress and Processes in Additive Manufacturing for Construction; the 3D Build 2020 Scientific Research Project.
C2: Introduction to Parametric Design and Digital Fabrication
Principles of Parametric Design; Generation of New Designs for Large Scale Additive Manufacturing; a Form Finding Approach to Complex Shapes.
C3: Introduction to Robotics
Initiation to Robotics in Architecture; Interaction between Robot and Architecture; Robotic-Aided Manufacturing.
Designed to facilitate your admission to Doctoral programmes in France, the Scientific Research Project will require both personal and teamwork with the help of theoretical and practical teachings. The project will involve methodological courses and mini-lectures, and at the end of 3D Build 2020, you will be able to set up a research problem, draft a state-of-the-art and write a bibliography on a topic that will emerge from your work. Each student will participate in the printing of a prototype, and the assessment will cover the whole process from design to printing leading to a final project defence in front of the scientific board.
The best creations will be printed and exhibited in the halls of the Gare Saint-Sauveur (Lille 3000 Association) major cultural space of Lille, as part of the major international event “Lille Metropole 2020, World Design Capital”.
C1: Formulation (Civil Engineering). Composition of a Printable Mortar: Choice of Materials, Characterisation and Design of an Ecological Printable Mortar for Given Specifications.
C2: Conception (Architecture). Design Session: Parametric Design of Complex Shapes for Additive Manufacturing.
2. 3D Printing Sessions (C3)
Preparation of Materials, Mixing, Pumping, Printing of the Shapes. The printing will be made with a mobile robot provided by Polytech Lille.
Presentation of the designed shape/mortar; Printing of the selected projects; Production of a poster documenting the whole process. During the conception phase, each student will have to identify and formulate a research problem that will also be assessed.
You will have every opportunity to contact teachers/researchers with a view to supervision of a future PhD programme; assistance will be provided in maintaining contact in order to finalise the project up to enrolment in the doctoral programme.
Scientific Research Clusters and Economic Hubs in Hauts-de-France (Northern France Region)
Transverse conference correlated to the domains of France Excellence Summer Schools students and coordinated by competent clusters and hubs.
Literature in Architecture
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Literature in Civil Engineering
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NB: Minor modifications may occur in the programme.